1. Punctuation: Commas, Ellipses, and Dashes
ReviewPunctuation Notes: Comma, Dash, & Ellipsis 2015.
Really, this could be better call “commonly confused words” because spelling mistakes often happen with homophones (words that sound the same but are written differently) like to/too/two that are confused with each other.
3. Positive, Negative, and Neutral Connotation of Words
This is NOT the d
ictionary definition of a word. Connotation is the emotional associations or “flavors” that certain words have. For example, I could be described as self-confident (positive) or as arrogant (negative). Though both words have pretty much the same dictionary definition, they have different connotations: one gives a more positive impression and the other a more negative impression. Here are some other examples.
- fired (-), let go (+)
- childlike (+) , childish (-)
- curious (+), nosy (-)
4. Website Credibility
Review the CRAAP Test on Google Classroom and your handouts.
Plagiarism is the stealing of another’s words, ideas, and/or work and claiming as your own. You must give credit to a source if you use any information from them. That’s why we use parenthetical citation in our class work–we give credit to where we found our info.
6. MLA Citation
We call this parenthetical citation, where we put the page number in parentheses at the end of a sentence that uses info. from a text. Remember, the period goes after the parentheses.
7. Paraphrase/Summary of Passages
To paraphrase means to take an original passage and put it almost entirely in your own words–almost like a 1 sentence summary.
8. Main/Central ideas
This is similar to #7 above, but a main/central idea is basically asking you to identify the overall message or point of the passage.
9. Author’s Purpose
Why did the author write this text? What the point/purpose? Is it to inform us about an important topic? To persuade us to do something? To entertain us with a good tale?
This is a thematic statement–one complete sentence that explains the lesson or point of the passage that the author wants us readers to take away. Often times, a theme shows some part of the human condition, the messy, complicated, and wondrous state of being human.
Footnotes will be at the bottom (or foot) of a page of a story. When reading the story, you’ll see a word with a little number after it. Look to the bottom of the page to find that number, and read the information that goes with it. Why? Passages use foot notes to give readers important information to help understand the story better. ALWAYS READ THEM.
12. Point of View
Point of view is the perspective from whom the story is told. There are 3 common types.
- 1st person point of view – The narrator uses the pronoun I to refer to herself. “An Open Heart” by Judith MacKenzie uses 1st person POV.
- 3rd person limited point of view – The narrator is like a camera man following around 1 character all of the time. Our point of view is limited to 1 person. We get to see everything that character says, does, goes, etc. We cannot see what other characters do unless our character is with them. “The Landlady” by Roald Dahl is 3rd person limited POV to Billy.
- 3rd person omniscient point of view – The narrator is like a camera man who can follow and jump into the heads of every, single character. This is a god-like POV because the narrator knows the future of the characters. Christie’s And Then There Were None is 3rd omniscient–we get to see and hear what every character thinks, even when he or she is hiding something.