And Then There Were None

Book/Reading Expectations:

  • Bring your book everyday to class.
  • Make sure your name is in your book.
  • Annotate while you read.
  • Refer to the 3 big questions in your book as you read.
  • At the end of each chapter, jot down the 3-5 biggest events from that chapter.
  • Fill out your character chart: ATTWN Character Chart

Annotations:

Chapter One:

  • Page 1: Wargrave is a wealthy, retired judge. He goes over the rumors surrounding Soldier Island.
  • Page 2: Wargrave is going to the island to visit an old friend.
  • Page 3: Vera Claythorne is going to the island for a secretary-type job. She needs the money.
  • Page 4: Vera’s boss is a Mrs. Owen, perhaps the husband of  Mr. Owen who Wargrave mentions as purchasing Soldier Island on page 2.
  • Page 4: Vera’s regular job is a teacher. This job for Mrs. Owen is just temporary.
  • Page 4-5: Vera was once investigated for the death of someone. In her flashback on pages 4-5, we learn that person’s name is Cyril. We can infer he died by drowning. We also learn that she loves/d a man named Hugo.
  • Page 5: Vera is sitting across from Lombard.
  • Page 6-7: Lombard is going to Soldier Island for shady business. A Mr. Morris is giving him directions. It may involve something illegal. We can infer Lombard has done illegal things in his past.
  • Page 7: Emily Brent comes across as uptight–65, “old school,” military family.
  • Page 8-9: Emily Brent’s letter is inviting her to visit a “U.N.O”– perhaps Mrs. Owen?
  • Page 10: General Macarthur is visiting the island to see old friends. He brings up a suspicious rumor from 30 years ago.
  • Page 11-12: Dr. Armstrong: successful doctor, going to the island to help a Mrs. Owen, his method of diagnosing patients seems shady
  • Page 13: Armstrong mentions something that happened 15 years ago, seems like it involved drinking.
  • Page 13-14: Anthony Marston is introduced driving a nice car, talking about partying and the Owens’ wealth. He thinks he is going to the island to party.
  • Page 15: Mr. Blore is introduced: He is going over a list of all the other characters (suspicious!) He is also planning a cover story (also suspicious!)
  • Page 16: An old man tells Mr. Blore to watch out for his “judgement day”–foreshadowing

Chapter Two:

  • Page 24: Vera describes the island as sinister. She notices it looks like a giant head.
  • Page 25: Mr. Blore introduces himself as Mr. Davis from South Africa.
  • Page 27: Fred, the boat guy, has never met the Owens’ either. This all seems strange to him. He mentions that everything was set up Mr. Morris, the same guy who hired Lombard.
  • Page 29: The house is described as modern. The group discusses how the island can be cut off from boats for a week or so if a storm comes.
  • Page 30: The Owens’ are delayed.
  • Page 31: Mrs. Rogers comes across as very skittish and nervous.
  • Page 33: We read the creepy nursery rhyme.
  • Page 36-37: We learn Wargrave and Armstrong know each other. Armstrong was a witness in one of Wargrave’s cases. Armstrong calls Wargrave “the hanging judge.”
  • Page 41: Emily Brent reads about judgement in her Bible–foreshadowing again

Chapter Three:

  • Page 44: There are ten china figures on the table. There is a copy of the poem in every room. There are ten soldiers in the poem. There are ten people on the island…hmmmm.
  • Page 47: The gramophone message
  • Page 51: Mrs. Rogers calls the Voice a judgement–there’s that word again!
  • Page 53: The title of the record was called a “Swan Song”–which means one’s final effort or performance before retirement…or death.
  • Page 60: Mr. Blore reveals his true identity. He is an ex-CID man. He says he was to keep an eye on Mrs. Owen’s jewels.
  • Page 61: Wargrave figures out that the two Owens’ names spell out UNKNOWN…meaning there is no Mr. and Mrs. Owen. The person that brought them all to the island is unknown!

Chapter Four:

  • Page 65: Wargrave explains his side of the story in the Edward Seton case. He feels no guilt and believed the man to be guilty and punished accordingly.
  • Page 65: Armstrong remembers the Seton case differently. He says everyone thought Seton was innocent and that the judge wanted him to be convicted and killed.
  • Page 66: Vera explains her side of the story. Vera was Cyril’s nanny. She feels terribly about what happened to Cyril but says it was an accident.
  • Page 67: General Macarthur explains his side of the story. He says his wife was loyal and that Arthur Richmond died while in enemy territory.
  • Page 67: Lombard says he did intentionally leave the natives behind and does not feel bad about it. He needed to safe himself and his “European” men. CONFESSION
  • Page 68: Anthony Marston admits to killing the kids with his car, says it was bad luck for him, and does not appear remorseful. CONFESSION
  • Page 69: Mr. Rogers explains his side of the story. He says Miss Brady was ill, and due to a storm, they could not get help for her. He walked to the doctor, and by the time he came back, she was already dead.
  • Page 70: We learn Mr. and Mrs. Rogers were left some money after Miss Brady’s death. MOTIVE?
  • Page 70-71: Mr. Blore explains his side of the story. He says Landor was a crook and got what he deserved. We learn he got a promotion.  MOTIVE?
  • Page 71: Armstrong tells the guests that he doesn’t even remember that patient. He then THINKS about how he did kill her and that it was because he was drunk. CONFESSION
  • Page 72: Emily Brent does not talk about the details regarding the accusation against her. She feels no remorse.
  • Page 74: Anthony Marston dies by choking. We learn this coordinates with the poem’s first verse.

Chapter Five:

  • Page 76-77: Although they can’t understand it, the guests theorize that it was suicide that killed Anthony Marston. They determine it was cyanide that was the cause of death.
  • Page 79: The mansion is described as modern, open, and bright–not what you would expect for a murder mystery. This is a detective element: unexpected setting.
  • Page 81: Wargrave confesses to having Seton convicted and put to death.
  • Page 81: A china figure is missing after Marston’s death.
  • Page 82-83: Macarthur confesses to killing Arthur Richmond. He found out his wife was cheating on him with Arthur. He is afraid that another officer knew and had talked.
  • Page 87-88: We learn that Hugo could not marry Vera because he did not have money. The family money was passed down to Cyril.

Chapter Six:

  • Page 93: Mrs. Rogers dies in her sleep.
  • Page 94: Mrs. Rogers only had the sedative that Dr. Armstrong gave her before she went to sleep.
  • Page 99: Emily Brent calls Mrs. Rogers’ death an act of God and that she was just punished for her sin of killing Miss Brady. Wargrave claims judgement and punishment for wrong-doings are left to humans–which makes sense since he was a judge.
  • Page 103: Macarthur is acting strangely–talking about never leaving the island, having a sense of peace despite the odd activity going on, etc.
  • Page 104: Lombard and Blore form an alliance because they both believe the other won’t go crazy/get killed off.
  • Page 106: Another china figure goes missing.

Chapter Seven:

  • Page 107: Setting updates–wind has picked up, white crests on the sea, no boats (storm is coming)
  • Page 110-111: We learn Emily Brent’s back story. Beatrice Taylor worked for Brent. Beatrice got “in trouble,” meaning got pregnant, and Brent was so disgusted with her that she kicked her out. Beatrice then committed suicide. She feels no guilt.
  • Page 114: Lombard notices a pattern that explains Soldier Island. All of the “crimes” were ones that could not be proven and therefore the guests would never have been tried or convicted of murder.
  • Page 117: The guests discuss the china figures and the poem and how they relate to the two deaths.
  • Page 119: Lombard and Armstrong plan to get Blore and go search the island to see if anyone is hiding.

Chapter Eight:

  • Page 122: We learn Lombard has a revolver with him on the island.
  • Page 123: The landscape of the island is described as having cliffs on one side and no trees on the other. (again, no place to hide)
  • Page 124: Macarthur rambles on about it being peaceful, so little time, no one disturb me. The others think he is going crazy.
  • Page 125: It is explained why no one sends a signal out to the mainland. There is a storm coming, and there are no fishing boats out. You can’t see the village from the island. Lombard also theorizes that the killer probably set it up so that people in the village have been told not to pay attention to any weird signals coming from the island.
  • Page 129: More ramblings from Macarthur…he says he feels relief in not carrying his burden anymore.
  • Page 130: Macarthur confesses to Vera that he killed Richmond.
  • Page 132: When searching the island, Blore and Armstrong notice that Lombard is a good climber.
  • Page 133: Armstrong and Blore find Lombard suspicious for his climbing abilities and his having a revolver.
  • Page 134: There are no hiding places in the mansion.
  • Page 137: Armstrong, Blore, and Lombard notice how quietly and quickly Rogers moves about the house. They also determine no one is on the island but the guests.

Chapter Nine:

  • Page 140-141: Blore accuses Armstrong of giving Mrs. Rogers an overdose. Lombard accuses Blore of perjury. Blore accuses Lombard of having the gun.
  • Page 143: Lombard thinks his being hired to be on the island was just part of Unknown’s trap. He thinks he is in the same boat/position as everyone else.
  • Page 144: We learn there is plenty of canned food for the guests. The killer does not want the guests to die of starvation.
  • Page 146: We learn Macarthur has died.
  • Page 148: We learn that the cause of death was something like being hit on the head by a life preserver.
  • Page 150: The characters conclude the killer has to be one of them.
  • Page 152/155: The guests determine that no one can be counted out based on gender, position, or overall character. It can be anyone!
  • Page 165: Wargrave warns everyone to be suspicious of one another and be on the lookout at all times.

Chapter Ten:

  • Page 168: Vera and Lombard don’t suspect each other.
  • Page 169: Lombard thinks the killer is Wargrave because of his profession as a judge.
  • Page 170: Vera thinks it is Armstrong because of his medical knowledge.
  • Page 175: Emily Brent’s behavior is very strange. She scribbles in her notebook that the killer is Beatrice Taylor.
  • Page 176: We learn two items have gone missing: Brent’s knitting wool and the bathroom curtain
  • Page 179: Mr. Rogers locks up the china dolls so that the killer can’t get to them.

Chapter Eleven:

  • Page 182: We learn Rogers is missing because he did not wake up the guests.
  • Page 184: We learn Emily Brent was walking around outside by herself.
  • Page 184: One of the china figures is missing.
  • Page 185: Mr. Rogers is dead. He was killed by an ax while he was chopping wood.
  • Page 190: Blore confesses to Lombard that he did commit perjury to have Landor put in jail. Landor was really innocent.
  • Page 192: Because Hugo only “looked at her,” we can infer that he knew Vera killed Cyril.
  • Page 195: We can read the thoughts of all of the guests, including the killer’s! It is a good example of third person omniscient point of view.

Chapter Twelve:

  • Page 199/202: Emily Brent dies from a “bee sting”–Really it was a hypodermic syringe.
  • Page 203: Dr. Armstrong is the one who brought a hypodermic syringe to the house.
  • Page 204: The hypodermic syringe is missing from Armstrong’s room.
  • Page 206: Lombard’s revolver is missing.

Chapter Thirteen:

  • Pages 211-212: The author uses animal-like diction to show the characters’ current state. They are using their animal instincts, thinking only of surviving, at this point in the novel.
  • Pages 213-214: We have more 3rd person omniscient point of view to describe the characters’ thoughts. This creates dramatic irony for us as readers because we know what they are thinking, even the killer’s thoughts, and they do not. This then creates more suspense for us as readers.
  • Page 217: In Vera’s flashback, she reveals that she did not like Cyril.
  • Page 218: There is seaweed in Vera’s room, which makes us think she is next.
  • Pages 222-223: The characters find Wargrave shot in the head with a wig and robe on. The missing revolver was used to kill him; the missing wool was used for the wig; the missing curtain was used for the robe. The seaweed in Vera’s room was just a distraction.

Chapter Fourteen:

  • Page 226: The characters explain that they didn’t hear a gunshot because of Vera’s screaming about the seaweed.
  • Page 228: The revolver is back in Lombard’s drawer.
  • Page 229: We learn Vera planned Cyril’s death.
  • Page 230: There is a black hook hanging in Vera’s room.
  • Page 233: Blore shows some remorse for his crime by thinking of Landor and his family.
  • Page 236: Blore discovers Armstrong is missing because he is not in his room when everyone else is.
  • Page 242: Even though there is no body, a china figure is smashed, indicating someone has died.

Chapter Fifteen:

  • Page 242: The sun is out again. The characters think of heliographing for help.
  • Page 243: Despite the change of weather, a boat cannot come because the sea is still high.
  • Page 247: Vera predicts that Armstrong is not dead because the next line of the poem mentions a red herring. A red herring is a fish, but it is also a false clue. She thinks the smashed china figure is a false clue.
  • Page 248: More animal diction/The characters are described as a “zoo”
  • Page 253: Vera feels like she is being watched sometimes.
  • Page 255: We discover Blore’s death. He was killed by someone pushing the marble clock shaped like a bear from Vera’s window. Vera and Lombard were outside though, so someone else had to have done it.
  • Page 259: Vera and Lombard discover Armstrong’s drowned body by the sea.

Chapter Sixteen:

  • Page 262-263: Vera and Lombard begin turning on each other.
  • Page 263: They pull Armstrong’s body up above high water mark.
  • Page 264: Vera is able to grab the revolver from Lombard.
  • Page 265: Vera shoots Lombard.
  • Page 268-269: Vera finds a noose and chair set up in her room. She hangs herself while thinking of Hugo and what she did to Cyril.

Epilogue:

  • Page 271: The inspectors begin their discussion of the Soldier Island mystery. This is written in 3rd person limited POV. They are now aware of the ten dead bodies.
  • Page 272: Isaac Morris is dead.
  • Page 273: No one helped from the mainland because Morris told them that they were doing a “desert island” experiment and to ignore all SOS signals.
  • Page 274: Fred Narracott found them after ignoring the directions to disregard SOS signals.
  • Page 275-276: Edward Seton was actually guilty.
  • Page 277: The inspectors figure out that all the guests’ crimes had to do with murder that could not be touched by the law.
  • Page 281: They know it can’t be Armstrong because his body was dragged above the high water mark.
  • Page 282: They know it can’t be Lombard because the revolver was found in Wargrave’s room.
  • Page 282: They know it can’t be Vera because the chair was picked back up.
  • Page 284: The inspectors are still puzzled, but they assume that is one of the ten.

Wargrave’s Message in a Bottle:

  • Page 285: Wargrave confesses by writing a message in a bottle. It is found by a fishing boat.
  • Page 285-286: Wargrave has always had a delight in death and has wanted to kill. His contradictory trait is that he has a strong sense of justice and does not believe the innocent should be harmed.
  • Page 286: Because of his belief in justice and fascination with crime and punishment, he chose the law as a profession.
  • Page 288: He wanted to kill but didn’t want to kill innocent people.
  • Page 288: The inspiration behind the Soldier Island murders was that he met a doctor who told him of Mr. and Mrs. Rogers and how they killed Miss Brady by not giving her medicine she needed. The doctor could not prove it, but he believed they did it for money.
  • Page 288: Wargrave knew of the poem from childhood. He liked the idea of inevitability–that they would know their deaths were coming and how.
  • Page 288-290: Wargrave collects his victims by meeting random people and asking them about crimes committed without proof. He actually meets Hugo, and Hugo tells him of Vera.
  • Page 291: His tenth victim was Isaac Morris, a criminal who had led the daughter of one of his friend’s to commit suicide.
  • Page 291-292: Wargrave choose this point of his life to kill because he is sick and dying himself.
  • Page 292: Wargrave kills Morris by giving a poisonous medicine that he told him would help with his indigestion.
  • Page 292: Wargrave chose the order of deaths based on their guilt. The guests who felt the least guilty died first (like Marston). Those who carried more guilt (like Vera) died last.
  • Page 294: Wargrave chooses Armstrong to help him because he found him gullible and knew of Wargrave’s reputation.
  • Page 294-296: Wargrave makes Armstrong a red herring because Armstrong helps him fake his death, and then Wargrave pushes him off the cliff when he is done with him.
  • Page 297: During the search, Wargrave had hid the revolver in a tin in the pantry.
  • Page 298: Wargrave was confident Vera would hang herself because of her own guilt over what she did to Cyril, she had just shot Lombard, she was nervous, and the room was already set up for her.
  • Page 298: His motive was to invent a murder mystery that would be impossible to solve.
  • Page 299: The three clues that would lead to Wargrave are 1) Edward Seton was guilty, and thus Wargrave had a guilty man sent to death 2) The “red herring” in the poem and Armstrong’s death 3) the brand of Cain, a symbol of the first murder in the Bible
  • Page 300: Wargrave sets up the gun so that it shoots him in the head as the records would show, and it would look like someone else killed him.