# 05/16/2017 – Science

Students,

Below is an additional study guide to help you to prepare for Friday’s Science benchmark! Click on the link to open the file!!!

Happy Studying

Science 4th Nine Weeks (Click to open study guide)

# 05/15/2017 – Science

Students,

Below you will find a sample earthquake test. This sample test has 25 questions. Your benchmark will be comprised of 20 questions. Please use this to help you prepare studying earthquakes. You will also need entries 2, 3, 4, and 7 as helpful guides for the benchmark! Happy Studying!!!

Directions:  Answer all of the questions below based on what you know about earthquakes.

Top of Form

1. Which of the following describes the buildup of stress during an earthquake?

a volcano waiting to erupt
tectonic plates shifting and getting stuck
a tsunami forming
tectonic plates moving smoothly

1. Which of the following sequences correctly lists the different arrivals from first to last?

P waves … S waves…. Surface waves
Surface waves … P waves…. S waves
P waves … Surface waves … S waves
S waves … P waves…. Surface waves

1. How do particles move during the passage of a P wave through the rock?

back and forth (up and down) to the direction of wave travel
side to side to the direction of wave travel
in a rolling circular motion
the particles do not move

1. Approximately what percentage of earthquakes occurs at faults along plate boundaries?

25%
50%
75%
90%

1. When an earthquake occurs, the velocity (speed) of a P wave compared to the S wave should ___________.

stay the same
increase
decrease

1. If an S wave were to go from a solid to a liquid – what would happen to its velocity (speed)?

stay the same
increase
stop
decrease

1. Surface waves consist of the:

P waves only
S waves only
P and S waves
Tsunami waves

1. The farther you are from the earthquake describe the difference in arrival times between the P and the S waves _________

increases
decreases
stays constant
none of the above

1. Earthquake A has a Richter magnitude of 7 as compared with earthquake B’s 6. Which earthquake released more energy?

A is 10X more intense than B
B is 10 X more intense than A

1. In general, the most destructive earthquake waves are the __________.

P waves
S waves
Surface waves
Q waves

1. Point A, where slip initiated during the earthquake, is called the ________.

dip
epicenter
focus
scarp

1. Point B is called the earthquake ________.

dip
epicenter
focus
scarp

1. Point C is called the _________

epicenter
fault line
seismic wave
dip of the earthquake

1. What type of tectonic plate faulting is illustrated in this diagram?

convergent
divergent
transform fault
abnormal

1. What causes the up-and-down wiggles on the seismogram show above?

variations in air pressure
ground vibrations
tsunami waves
electromagnetic pulses

1. Which set of waves are the P waves?

A
B
C
They are all P waves

1. Which set of waves are the S waves?

A
B
C
They are all S waves

1. How do particles move during the passage of an S wave through the rock?

back and forth (up and down) to the direction of wave travel
side to side to the direction of wave travel
in a rolling circular motion
the particles do not move

1. What type of plate boundary is causing the faulting shown in the picture below?

convergent
divergent
transform fault
all of these

1. Which of the following can be triggered by an earthquake?

tsunami
intense ground shaking
a landslide
all of these

1. Which of the following can trigger a tsunami?

undersea earthquakes
undersea landslides
Mr. Vincent doing a cannon ball in the ocean
all of these

1. Which of the following waves is the slowest?

P waves
S waves
Seismic waves
tsunami

1. Which of the following statements is false?

Most earthquakes occur at plate boundaries
The time and location of most major earthquakes can be predicted several days in advance
Earthquakes can be caused by normal, convergent and divergent faults in the ground.
P waves travel faster than both S waves and Surface waves

1. Which of the following statements best describes the state of earthquake prediction?

scientists can accurately predict the time and location of almost all earthquakes
scientists can accurately predict the time and location of about 50% of all earthquakes
scientists can accurately predict when an earthquake will occur, but not where
scientists can characterize the seismic risk of an area, but cannot yet accurately predict most earthquakes

1. Which of the following below studies earthquakes?

earthquakeologist
seismologist
volcanologist
shakologist

Bonus question (5 points)

Which of the following did not occur at a plate boundary?

San Francisco, 1906
Loma Prieta, California, 1989

# 05/15/2017 – Social Studies

Students, Below is the Study Guide for the Chapter 13 test that will be tomorrow. Thursday will be your Social Studies benchmark test. Use this study guide, and your Chapter 11 study guide to help you prepare for the benchmark! Happy Studying!

Chapter 13 Study Guide

Define the following:

1. boycott: refusal to use
2. civil disobedience: refusal to obey laws that are considered unjust
3. feminist: a person who advocates women’s rights
4. integrate: bringing races to together
5. interstate: across state lines
6. Medicaid: helped poor people pay hospital bills
7. Medicare: helped care for elderly by paying medical bills
8. poverty line: if income is below this, someone was considered poor
9. racism: belief that racial differences produce superiority
10. segregation: separation of people by race
11. sit-in: act of protesting by sitting down
12. discrimination: when someone makes distinctions in favor or against a person based on that persons group, category or class.

Identify the following:

1. George Wallace: AL governor that threatened to “stand in the schoolhouse door” to prevent integration
2. James Meredith: first African American to attend the University of Mississippi
3. John F. Kennedy: elected president in 1960, was a civil rights advocate
4. Lee Harvey Oswald: assassinated president John F. Kennedy
5. Lyndon B. Johnson: became president after JFK assassination
6. Malcolm X: a radical leader in Civil Rights Movement that encouraged blacks to separate from whites
7. Martin Luther King Jr.: famous Civil Rights Movement leader, helped start the SCLC
8. Mohandas Gandhi: inspired MLK with his nonviolent protest
9. Rosa Parks: inspired the Montgomery Bus Boycott
10. Thurgood Marshall: the lawyer for the NAACP

Describe the following:

1. NAACP: This organization used the supreme court to try & get equal rights for African Americans
2. Brown vs. Board of Education: This case ended segregation in schools
3. Montgomery Bus Boycott: a boycott of city buses inspired by Rosa Parks
4. SCLC: organization that King & other ministers created to help prepare African Americans for struggle
5. HUD: This program funded public housing
6. SNCC: organized the sit-in movement
7. CORE: organized the Freedom Riders
8. Great Society: Lyndon B. Johnson’s plan
9. New Frontier: John F. Kennedy’s plan
10. Civil Rights Act of 1964: banned discrimination in employment, voting & public facilites
11. Freedom Summer: movement to help register African Americans to vote
12. Black Panthers: new party that armed themselves, used violence during protests
13. Black Power: radical new ideology that said African Americans should take pride in their race & created their own political institution
14. Birmingham Movement: police used fire hoses & police dogs on protesters
15. March on Washington: march for freedom & jobs, MLK gave his famous speech, “I Have a Dream” speech here
16. War on Poverty: Lyndon B. Johnson declared this to try and stop poverty
17. Job Corps: program to train young people who wanted to work
18. Freedom Riders: name given to CORE members who rode buses to challenge segregation
19. Plessy vs. Ferguson: established the “separate but equal” ruling
20. Central High School in Little Rock, AK: 9 African American students needed federal troops to escort them during integration at this high school

# 05/02/2017 – Social Studies

Study Guide Chapter 11- World War II

Define the following:

anti-semitism – hostility toward Jews. Led the Nazi’s to great resentment towards the Jewish people, which led to unspeakable horrors.

appeasement – when country accepts demands to avoid conflict. Neville Chamberlain was the prime minister of Great Britain. He gave Germany Sudentenland in order to avoid conflict with the Germans. Unfortunately, the Germans continued to invade other countries in Europe which led to the start of WWII.

blitzkrieg – Germany’s offensive war strategy. A fast-paced attack on multiple fronts that stun their enemy to the point of not knowing where to defend.

D-Day – when Allied troops invade France in Normandy. The German army awaited for Allied forces on the top of the hill however, they were not anticipating that the Americans would pour over 1 million troops on that beach.

Dictator – leader who controls/rules by total authority with mean/cruel intentions. Examples are : Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini.

Disarmament – when countries give up weapons. This only occurred once Germany was defeated by the Allied forces. Japan also had to lay down arms upon their surrender.

Fascism – dictator who calls on extreme nationalism & racism. Any and all opposition to their plans are either jailed or killed.

Genocide – destruction of a racial, political, cultural group. Hitler’s ultimate plan on dealing with what he saw as his “Jewish” problem.

Holocaust – as many as 6 million Jews are killed. Over 11 million people were forced out of their homes and initially into ghettoes. As the war began to near its end, the Nazi forces began an extermination process with a series of death camps being built to try to commit genocide.

internment camp – detention centers where Japanese-Americans were sent

lend lease – allowed U.S. to sell, lend, lease arms to other nations

ration  – when scarce items are given out on a limited basis

totalitarian – political system where government suppresses everything

Identify ( Tell me about) the following:

Munich Conference – allowed Germany to get Sudetenland

Benito Mussolini – Italy’s dictator

Fascist Party  – party that encouraged extreme nationalism & racism

Nazi Party – created by Hitler to re-enforce rule

Joseph Stalin – Russia’s dictator

Winston Churchill – Great Britain’s prime minister

Poland – after Germany’s invasion, France & Great Britain declared war

Pearl Harbor – American neutrality ended after attack here

WACS/WAVES – women units in the army

Battle of Britain – Hitler’s first major defeat

Tuskegee Airmen – African American men pilot unit

Mobilization – when a country prepares for war

Victory Gardens – created because of rationing

Rosie the Riveter – advertising campaign to get women in factories

Harry Truman – elected president in 1945

Auschwitz – a concentration camp

Battle of Midway – first Japanese defeat

Hiroshima – city where the first atomic bomb was dropped

Nuremberg – where Nazi war criminals were tried for crimes against humanity

Douglas MacArthur – American general in the Philippines

Island Hopping – Douglas MacArthur’s war strategy to leap from island to island

List the following:

Axis Powers: 1. Italy         2. Germany             3. Japan

Allied Powers: 1.U.S.             2. Great Britain           3. France        4.  Russia        5. China

# 05/01/2017 – Social Studies

SURPRISE!!! Below you will find a completed copy of the study guide. This one only indicates what each thing IS, it does not state its importance in this chapter. Be sure to add that to yours. We will review the importance of each tomorrow in class. Remember, study guides are due tomorrow, and the test will be on Wednesday!!! Happy Studying!!!

Study Guide Chapter 11- World War II

Define the following:

anti-semitism – hostility toward Jews

appeasement – when country accepts demands to avoid conflict

blitzkrieg – Germany’s offensive war strategy

D-Day – when Allied troops invade France

Dictator – leader who controls/rules by total authority with mean/cruel intentions

Disarmament – when countries give up weapons

Fascism – dictator who calls on extreme nationalism & racism

Genocide – destruction of a racial, political, cultural group

Holocaust – as many as 6 million Jews are killed

internment camp – detention centers where Japanese-Americans were sent

lend lease – allowed U.S. to sell, lend, lease arms to other nations

ration  – when scarce items are given out on a limited basis

totalitarian – political system where government suppresses everything

Identify ( Tell me about) the following:

Munich Conference – allowed Germany to get Sudetenland

Benito Mussolini – Italy’s dictator

Fascist Party  – party that encouraged extreme nationalism & racism

Nazi Party – created by Hitler to re-enforce rule

Joseph Stalin – Russia’s dictator

Winston Churchill – Great Britain’s prime minister

Poland – after Germany’s invasion, France & Great Britain declared war

Pearl Harbor – American neutrality ended after attack here

WACS/WAVES – women units in the army

Battle of Britain – Hitler’s first major defeat

Tuskegee Airmen – African American men pilot unit

Mobilization – when a country prepares for war

Victory Gardens – created because of rationing

Rosie the Riveter – advertising campaign to get women in factories

Harry Truman – elected president in 1945

Auschwitz – a concentration camp

Battle of Midway – first Japanese defeat

Hiroshima – city where the first atomic bomb was dropped

Nuremberg – where Nazi war criminals were tried for crimes against humanity

Douglas MacArthur – American general in the Philippines

Island Hopping – Douglas MacArthur’s war strategy to leap from island to island

List the following:

Axis Powers: 1. Italy         2. Germany             3. Japan

Allied Powers: 1.U.S.             2. Great Britain           3. France        4.  Russia        5. China

Be able to discuss the following:

• What is the Holocaust? When Hitler carried out the genocide of the Jews. Six million Jews were murdered in concentration camps. Gas was used to kill thousands in death camps & their bodies were burned in giant ovens.

• What were events that led to World War II? Some events that led to World War II were the rise of dictators in areas like Germany, Italy and Russia. The countries started invading other areas and ruling their people by force. The invasion of Poland will start WWII. France & Great Britain declared war on Germany. Then Japan launched an attack on Pearl Harbor. After this the United States declared war on Japan & joined on the Allies side.

# 03/16/17 Science

Students and Parents,

Today in class we cleaned out our binders from the third nine weeks and got them set up for the fourth nine weeks. We received entry number one for our new table of contents called, PC Nation Big Fifty. This is a set of the fifty most pertinent vocabulary in our Earth Science curriculum. Each Friday, beginning next Friday, we will take a quiz on five words at a time beginning with the first five on the top left column. They have until next wednesday to complete this packet. Below is a copy of the packet in case anyone needs to print off another one.

PC NATION Big Fifty

 Question Precipitation Hypothesis Evaporation Procedures Condensation Data Atmosphere Conclusion N.A.S.A. Research N.O.A.A. Analyze Tornado Examine Hurricane Explain Thunderstorm Compare Develop Contrast Crest Identify Trough Revolution Direct Rotation Indirect Gravity Frequency Orbit Model Solar Scale Lunar Meter Nebula Force Investigate Inertia Field Satellite Convection Crater Evaluate Pressure Conduction Tides Produce Wave

PC NATION BIG FIFTY
Directions: If the word is not defined, use the black or red textbook to define it.

1. Question/ Problem: What is the purpose? What are we trying to solve?
2. Hypothesis: An educated guess or prediction, that can be tested.
– If, Then, and Because .(If, is a fact. It is something you will do. Then, your guess of what will happen. Because tells you why you think it will happen.)
3. Procedures: The steps you took to complete the activity. (HAVE TO BE DETAILED)
-They can be written, or drawn.
4. Data/ Making Observations: What you observe before, during, and after the activity.
5. Conclusion: What is the result? Did it prove or disprove your hypothesis?
6. Research: systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover facts.
7. Analyze: to examine critically.
8. Examine: to inspect or scrutinize carefully.
9. Explain: to make clear and known in detail.
10. Compare: to examine in order to note similarities and differences.
11. Contrast: to compare in order to show unlikeness or differences.
12. Identify: to recognize or establish as being a particular person or thing.
13. Revolution: the movement of an object around another object.
14. Rotation: the spinning motion of a planet on its axis.
15. Gravity: the force that pulls objects toward each other.
16. Orbit: the path of an object as it revolves around another object in space.
17. Solar: of or pertaining to the sun.
18. Lunar: of or pertaining to the moon.
19. Nebula: large cloud of gas and dust in space, spread out in an immense volume.
20. Investigate: to examine, study, or inquire into.
21. Field: an outdoors location for an investigation.
22. Convection: the transfer of thermal energy by the movement of a fluid.
23. Evaluate: to judge or determine the significance.
24. Conduction: the direct transfer of thermal energy from one substance to another substance that it is touching.
25. Produce: to create, make, or manufacture.
26. Meter: A unit of measure on the metric system equivalent of 39 inches.
27. Indirect: Not in a direct path; deviating from a straight line.
28. Direct: Proceeding in a straight line or by the shortest course.
29. Trough: The lowest part of a wave.
30. Crest: The highest part of a wave.
31. Develop: To cause to grow or expand or bring out the possibilities.
32. O.A.A.: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
33. Precipitation: any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth’s surface.
34. Evaporation: the process by which water molecules in liquid water escape into the air as water vapor.
35. Condensation: the process by which molecules of water vapor in the air become liquid water.
36. Atmosphere: the envelope of gases that surrounds a planet.
37. A.S.A.: National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
39. Hurricane:
40. Thunderstorm:
41. Frequency:
42. Model:
43. Scale:
44. Force:
45. Inertia:
46. Satellite:
47. Crater:
48. Pressure:
49. Tides:
50. Wave:

# 03/16/17 Social Studies

Parents and Students,

Today in class the students received a copy of their Chapter 11 Study Guide so that they can complete the guide as we complete each section instead of waiting until the end of the chapter. We also wrote down all of the main ideas for this Chapter. Chapter 11 covers World War II. This is a big chapter with five sections and 15 main ideas. After we complete each section, talk it over with your child and have them explain the events to you. If they can tell the story around the main idea, they will find success on my test!!!

Study guide chapter 11 blank (click on link to open study guide)

Chapter 11 Main Ideas
Section 1

1. During the 1930’s, totalitarian governments rose to power in Europe and Japan.
2. German expansion led to the start of WWII in Europe in 1939.
3. The United States joined the war after Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941.

Section 2

4. Businesses, soldiers, and citizens worked to prepare the United States for war.
5. The war brought new opportunities for many women and minorities.
6. Japanese-Americans faced internment during the war.

Section 3

7. The Allies fought back against the Axis Powers in North Africa and Europe.
8. Key Allied victories halted the German advance.
9. In the D-Day invasion, Allied forces attacked German-controlled France.

Section 4

10. The Japanese continued advancing across the Pacific in 1942.
11. The Allies stopped Japan’s advance with key victories over the Japanese navy.
12. The Allies began battling toward Japan.

Section 5

13. The Allies gained victory in Europe with Germany’s surrender.
14. Nazis murdered millions of Jews and other people in the Holocaust.
15. Victory in the Pacific came after the United States dropped atomic bombs on Japan.

# 03/15/2017 Social Studies

Students,

Below you will find a defined copy of the 12 vocabulary words for Chapter 11. I will be checking these tomorrow in class for a bronze grade. Enjoy!!!

Chapter 11 Vocabulary

1. Totalitarianism – a form of government in which every aspect of citizen’s lives is controlled by the government.
2. Fascism – a political system in which the state or government is seen as more important than the individual.
3. Nazi’s – the National Socialist Party of Germany, headed by Adolf Hitler.
4. Benito Mussolini –a fascist dictator of Italy during WWII.
5. Adolf Hitler – dictator of Germany during WWII. Gained his power by inspiring huge audiences by vowing to restore Germany to prosperity and a position of international power.
6. Joseph Stalin – dictator of Russia during WWII. He terrorized anyone whom he saw as an enemy by killing or imprisoning millions of soviet citizens.
7. Appeasement – the policy of giving into the demands of a nation in order to avoid war.
8. Internment – the imprisonment of Japanese-Americans in special camps during WWII.
9. Kamikaze – Japanese pilots who flew suicide missions during WWII.
10. Holocaust – a program of mass murder in which the Nazis tried to kill all Jews.
11. Genocide – the complete destruction of a racial or ethnic minority.
12. Atomic bomb – a weapon that receives its explosive power from the splitting of atoms.

# 03/08/2017 Social Studies

Students,

Today in class we reviewed for the benchmark test that will be tomorrow. The study guide i posted yesterday stated what each item was. Below you will find that, and i have added the importance to the chapter for each individual one. Remember, for tomorrow’s test you need to read over ALL of your chapter 9 documents, AND chapter 10 documents!!!

Chapter 10 Study Guide:

Define the following:

1. unemployment insurance: payments by the government for a limited period of time to people who have lost their jobs. This helped the people be able to get by until they found a better job during the great depression.
2. relief: aid for needy; welfare. Any help given to people that were struggling during the depression.
3. on margin: to buy stock by paying only a fraction of the stock price and borrowing the rest. Its important because this led to one of the major issues during the depression, when too many people borrowed money or bought stocks that they could not afford to repay.
4. stock exchange: a place where shares in corporations are bought and sold through an organized system. It crashed. Know the reasons why. See #3.
5. pension: a sum paid regularly to a person, usually after retirement. Another form of help given to people that were struggling during the depression.
6. Dust Bowl: a name given to the area of the southern Great Plains severely damaged by droughts and dust storms during the 1930’s. The people who were effected the most by this were farmers. It was caused by the uprooting of sod in the great plains. The wind was able to pick up the loose soil, and dust was even hitting ships 300 miles out in the Atlantic .
7. Hundred Days: a special session of Congress that dealt with problems of the depression. During the first 100 days of his presidency FDR met with congress to pass different relief programs to cure the ailments of the depression.
8. New Deal: the name given to the new laws aimed to relieving the Depression, which were passed by Congress during the Hundred Days and the months that followed.
9. Second New Deal: a set of programs and reforms launched by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935. These reforms were meant to fix the problems that the original new deal did not fix.
10. Social Security Act: a law requiring workers and employers to pay a tax; the money provides a monthly pension for retired people.
11. Great Depression: a severe economic crisis during the 1930’s in which the nation’s total economic output dropped forty-three percent in three years.
12. public works: projects such as highways, parks, and libraries built with public funds for public use. Many projects were started by President Hoover and Roosevelt to add more jobs to America. Unfortunately, money was mismanaged during many of these projects causing more disruption that solution to the public works’ efforts.
13. TVA: Tennessee Valley Authority – Built dams to provide cheap electric power to seven Southern states; Set up schools and health centers. (NOT BEING TESTED)
14. CCC: Civilian Conservation Corps – Provided jobs for young men to plant trees and build bridges. (NOT BEING TESTED)
15. SEC: Securities and Exchange Commission – a commission with the power to punish stockbrokers and speculators who violate laws that regulate the stocks and bonds. (NOT BEING TESTED)
16. the Brain Trust: a group of lawyers, economists, and social workers that helped develop relief programs for the state. These individuals were hand-picked by the president to aid him in his decisions for the best of the country.
17. default: to fail to meet an obligation; especially a financial one. Bank loans and stocks that were purchased on margin ended up being defaulted when the people could afford to pay them back. This was one of the leading causes of the stock market crash.
18. the Bonus Army: WWI veterans who marched to Washington to claim their \$1,000 bonus check promised to them by Congress. Upon arrival they were denied their bonus. Only 2,000 remained of the peak 20,000 people. President Hoover called in the Army with machine guns to disperse the remaining veterans by burning their homes. This action by the president caused many Americans to doubt their government and their Commander in Chief.
19. List ARE the causes for the Great Depression:

– farm income shrank

– industries declined

– growing gap between the rich and most Americans

1. What disease caused FDR’s legs to be paralyzed? Polio

# 03/7/2017 Social Studies

Students,

Below you will find all of the answers to the study guide that is due tomorrow. I hope you get this information before i check it tomorrow. You’re welcome for the freebie!!!

Chapter 10 Study Guide:

Define the following:

1. unemployment insurance: payments by the government for a limited period of time to people who have lost their jobs.
2. relief: aid for needy; welfare.
3. on margin: to buy stock by paying only a fraction of the stock price and borrowing the rest.
4. stock exchange: a place where shares in corporations are bought and sold through an organized system.
5. pension: a sum paid regularly to a person, usually after retirement.
6. Dust Bowl: a name given to the area of the southern Great Plains severely damaged by droughts and dust storms during the 1930’s.
7. Hundred Days: a special session of Congress that dealt with problems of the depression.
8. New Deal: the name given to the new laws aimed to relieving the Depression, which were passed by Congress during the Hundred Days and the months that followed.
9. Second New Deal: a set of programs and reforms launched by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935.
10. Social Security Act: a law requiring workers and employers to pay a tax; the money provides a monthly pension for retired people.
11. Great Depression: a severe economic crisis during the 1930’s in which the nation’s total economic output dropped 43 percent in three years.
12. public works: projects such as highways, parks, and libraries built with public funds for public use.
13. TVA: Tennessee Valley Authority – Built dams to provide cheap electric power to seven Southern states; Set up schools and health centers.
14. CCC: Civilian Conservation Corps – Provided jobs for young men to plant trees and build bridges.
15. SEC: Securities and Exchange Commission – a commission with the power to punish stockbrokers and speculators who violate laws that regulate the stocks and bonds.
16. the Brain Trust: a group of lawyers, economists, and social workers that helped develop relief programs for the state.
17. default: to fail to meet an obligation; especially a financial one.
18. the Bonus Army: WWI veterans who marched to Washington to claim their \$1,000 bonus check promised to them by Congress. Upon arrival they were denied their bonus. Only 2,000 remained of the peak 20,000. President Hoover called in the Army with machine guns to disperse the remaining veterans by burning their homes.
19. List some of the causes for the Great Depression:

– farm income shrank

– industries declined

– growing gap between the rich and most Americans

-stock market crash

1. What disease caused FDR’s legs to be paralyzed? Polio